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Camponotus ligniperdus Geographic Distribution: This species is found throughout Central Europe. Monogynous species, with rare cases of pleometrosis observed in the wild. Description of Individuals:

Queen: Measures between 17 and 18 mm, with a shiny black color and red parts on the thorax and abdomen. Workers: Range in size from 7 to 10 mm, with a shiny brown-black-reddish color. Major Workers: Major workers measure between 14 and 16 mm and have a shiny brown-black-reddish color. Male: Males are approximately 12 mm in size and are black.

Diet: Feeds on honeydew and insects, such as flies, mealworms, mosquitoes, and small grasshoppers, as well as fruits. Environmental Conditions:

Humidity: The foraging area should have a humidity level of 30 to 50%, while the nest should maintain a humidity between 50 and 60%. Temperature: The foraging area should be maintained at a temperature of 18 to 28 °C, while the nest should be kept between 21 and 25 °C. Hibernation: Yes, from late September to late March, at temperatures between 6 and 11 °C.

Nest Type: Colonies of Camponotus ligniperdus can be housed in plexiglass nests, nests with tubes, or nests made of reconstituted stone. Description: Camponotus ligniperdus is the largest species in Europe, or at least the heaviest; it is more massive than a Camponotus sanctus. Foundation: Colony foundation is done claustrally (i.e., without external feeding), and the development from egg to worker takes approximately 55 days, depending on the temperature. Colony Size: A Camponotus ligniperdus colony can consist of up to 10,000 individuals, and the queen can live up to 15 years.

Camponotus Ligniperda with 1/5 workers

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